Atomic Number: 3
Oxidation States: +1
Atomic Weight: 6.941
M.P.: 453.69 K, 180.54 °C, 356.97 °F
B.P.: 1615 K, 1342 °C, 2448 °F
Lithium in its pure form is a soft, silver white metal that tarnishes and oxidizes very rapidly in air and water. Lithium is one of only four elements theorized to have been created in the first three minutes of the universe through a process called Big Bang nucleosynthesis. Lithium is the thirty-first most abundant element, contained in trace amounts in the minerals spodumene, lepidolite, and amblygonite. The Earth's crust contains 65 parts per million (ppm) of lithium.