Atomic Number: 17


Electrons: 2-8-7
Oxidation States: +1+5+7-1
Atomic Weight: 35.4527
Phase: Gas
M.P.: 171.6 K
(-101.5 °C, -150.7 °F)
B.P.: 239.11 K
(-34.04 °C, -29.27 °F)
C Point (K): 143.8

Occurrence: 0.000017%
Chlorine has a disagreeable suffocating odour and is poisonous. Chlorine is a powerful oxidant. In nature chlorine is found mainly as the chloride ion, a componet of the salt that is deposited in the earth or dissolved in the oceans—about 1.9% of the mass of seawater is chloride ions. Even higher concentrations of chloride are found in the Dead Sea and in underground brine deposits.

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